Civil War and Chattanooga History

Chattanooga is rich in history, from the nation’s first and largest military park, the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park; Ross’s Landing on the riverfront, a Cherokee removal site now memorialized by The Passage, an interactive water feature; the Chattanooga Choo Choo Terminal Train Station Complex built in 1909 to museums like the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum, Bessie Smith Cultural Center and the International Towing & Recovery Museum and Hall of Fame.

How did Chattanooga get its name?
The name “Chattanooga” comes from the Creek Indian word for “rock coming to a point.” This refers to Lookout Mountain which begins in Chattanooga and stretches 88 miles through Alabama and Georgia. The city itself started out with two different names: Ross’s Landing and Lookout City. In 1838, the city officially took the name of “Chattanooga.”


Civil War History

Because of Chattanooga’s strategic location, river and rail systems, some of the hardest fought and most complex battles happened during the fall of 1863 on Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge. Because of Chattanooga’s strategic location, river and rail systems, Chattanooga was considered the gateway to the Deep South and an important location for both the Union and the Confederate armies.

The Chickamauga Chattanooga National Military Park stands as the oldest and the largest military parks in the nation and was established through the efforts of Civil War veterans who came together from both armies in 1889. This Civil War battleground not only preserves, but also honors heroism, reconciliation and national reunification.

For more information on all of the Civil War Attractions click here


Native American History

Ross’s Landing, on the Chattanooga Riverfront, was established in 1816 by John Ross, a Chief of the Cherokee Indians. This area consisted of a ferry, warehouse and landing. With the organization of Hamilton County in 1819, Ross’s Landing served not only the Cherokee trade but also as a convenient business center for the county. In 1838, Cherokee parties left from Ross’s Landing for the West on what became known as the Trail of Tears.

Ross’s Landing Park and Plaza encompasses a four-acre area surrounding the Tennessee Aquarium and overlooking the Tennessee River and scenic landscapes. The park includes green spaces, a playground, a pier and The Passage, an area where people can play in water cascading down steps alongside six-foot clay medallions set into the wall representing specific aspects of the Cherokee tribes’ history.


Train History

Chattanooga’s train history dates back before the Civil War, and with our developed rail lines and river, we were a strategic location for many of the battles. Chattanooga was made famous by the Glenn Miller Orchestra, who recorded the first gold record with the song, “Chattanooga Choo Choo.”

Today, you can still be a part of the “Golden Age” and take a ride aboard a train at the Tennessee Valley Railroad or ride up Lookout Mountain on the steepest passenger railway in the world, the Lookout Mountain Incline Railway. Read more about Chattanooga’s Train History.  


Be sure to check our events calendar by type for all history related events.
  • Civil War Living History at Chickamauga National Military Park

  • Bessie Smith Hall in Downtown Chattanooga celebrates Black History

  • Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum offers daily train rides on the rails of yesterday

Search

View All or if you know exactly what to search, try our Advanced Search

Featured Packages

  • Chattanooga Family Vacation

    Chattanooga is rich with History from Native American to Civil War to Locomotive.  Explore our Historic Attractions.

    More More 
    Chattanooga History
  • Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum

    Ride the rails of yesterday at the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum

    More More 
    Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum
  • Chattanooga Double Decker Bus

    Explore Chattanooga by Double Decker Bus, Riverboat, Walking or Ghost Tours

    More More 
    Chattanooga City and River Tours
  • Civil War Reenactment

    Chattanooga is Rich with Civil War History.  Check out Chattanooga's Civil War Attractions.

    More More 
    Civil War Living History
 

Point Park

Point Park Civil War

Point Park overlooking the Tennessee Valley

The Battles for Chattanooga
image description

Request Visitors Guide

close

Advanced Search

Select Areas of Interest:

Narrow Search by Areas of Town: